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Phosphide Powder

Indium Phosphide InP Powder CAS 22398-80-7

Item No.: Tr-InP
Indium phosphide is a chemical substance, which is dark gray crystal with pitch gloss. It is made by heating reaction of metal indium and red phosphorus in quartz tube, and used as semiconductor material.
Purity: 99.999%
Particle Size: -60 mesh
Indium Phosphide Properties
What is Indium Phosphide InP Powder:
Indium Phosphide (InP) is a compound comprising phosphorus and indium. It belongs to the Ⅲ-V group of compounds in a direct wide band gap semiconductor materials, with a characteristic semiconductor energy band structure, making indium phosphide in optoelectronics, microelectronics, optical communications, quantum communications and other fields have a wide range of applications.
Indium phosphide (InP) is a binary semiconductor composed of indium and phosphorus. It has a face-centered cubic (" sphalerite ") crystal structure, the same as GaAs and most III-V semiconductors.
Indium phosphide is a binary semiconductor material composed of phosphorus and indium. It has a face-centered cubic (sphalerite) crystal structure similar to gallium arsenide and most of the three or five group semiconductors.
InP is used for high power and high-frequency electrons because its electron speed is superior to the more common semiconductors silicon and gallium arsenide.
Together with indium gallium arsenide, it was used to create a record-breaking pseudo-crystal heterojunction bipolar transistor capable of operating at 604GHz
It also has a direct bandgap, which allows it to be used in optoelectronic devices such as laser diodes. Infinity uses indium phosphide as its main technical material to manufacture photonic integrated circuits for the optical communications industry for WDM applications.
InP is also used as a substrate for epitaxial indium gallium arsenide optoelectronic devices.
Indium phosphide (InP) is a binary semiconductor composed of indium (In) and phosphorus (P). Like gallium arsenide (GaAs) semiconductors with sphalerite crystal structure, InP is classified as a class of III-V semiconductor materials.
Because of their superior electronic speed, INP semiconductors are used in high frequency and high power electronics. For this reason, optoelectronic devices, including laser diodes, benefit from the direct bandgap of such semiconductors. TRUNNANO is a trusted global Indium Phosphide InP Powder supplier. Feel free to send an inquiry about the latest price of Indium Phosphide at any time.

Physical and Chemical Properties of Indium Phosphide

Indium phosphide is an orange-red solid powder with the chemical formula InP and a molecular weight of 198.92. Its crystal structure is sphalerite type and the lattice constant is 5.863×10-10 m. At room temperature, the resistivity of indium phosphide is 3.5×10^4Ω-cm, but its resistivity decreases significantly at low temperatures. It has a breakdown field strength of 4 × 10^6 V/cm and a band gap width of 1.3 eV at room temperature. Indium phosphide has good chemical stability, is corrosion-resistant, and is not easily oxidized. However, it is susceptible to hydrogen damage; hydrogen will make its energy band structure change.

Technical Parameter of Indium Phosphide InP Powder :
Product Name MF Purity Particle Size Molecular Weight Density Color
Indium Phosphide InP 99.999% -60 mesh 145.80 4.787 g/cm3 Dark Gray 

How is Indium Phosphide InP Powder Produced?

The production process of indium phosphide involves the reaction of white phosphorus and indium iodide. White phosphorus is a waxy, translucent solid that turns yellow when exposed to light, while indium iodide is an orange, crystalline solid. The following process obtains indium phosphide:

Both elements are stored at 400˚C

The purified elements are combined at high pressure and high temperature

When trialkyl indium compounds are mixed with phosphine through a thermal synthesis.

In addition, electrochemical etching is performed before viewing it with a scanning electron microscope to obtain the indium phosphide nanocrystalline surface.


Applications of Indium Phosphide

Due to the excellent physical and chemical properties of indium phosphide, it is widely used in the following areas:

Optoelectronics: Indium phosphide has a bandgap width of 1.3eV, similar to the visible range (1.5eV), making indium phosphide highly applicable in optoelectronics. For example, indium phosphide can be used to make high-efficiency semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that emit light at wavelengths between the red and infrared wavelengths, which makes indium phosphide LEDs useful for a wide range of applications in fields such as displays, lighting, and bio-imaging.

Microelectronics: Indium phosphide is a wide bandgap semiconductor material with high electron mobility and a high breakdown electric field, which makes indium phosphide have important applications in microelectronics. For example, indium phosphide can manufacture high-speed, high-frequency, high-power microelectronic devices such as lasers, photodetectors, and high-frequency transistors.

Optical communication: Indium phosphide has a wide range of applications in the field of optical communication due to its high electron mobility and direct bandgap semiconductor properties. For example, indium phosphide can be used to manufacture high-speed optical modulators, optical waveguides, optical amplifiers, and other key components, which can be used to build high-speed optical communication systems.

Quantum communication: Due to the narrow bandgap width of indium phosphide, its quantum energy level structure is relatively simple, which makes indium phosphide has potential application value in the field of quantum communication. For example, indium phosphide can be used to manufacture key components such as quantum bits and quantum gates, which can be used to realize the transmission and processing of quantum information.

In addition to the above applications, indium phosphide can also be used to manufacture high-sensitivity infrared detectors, solar cells, etc.


Storage Condition of Indium Phosphide InP Powder :

The damp reunion will affect InP powder dispersion performance and using effects. Therefore, indium phosphide InP powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in a cool and dry room; the indium phosphide can not be exposed to air. In addition, the InP powder should be avoided under stress.


Packing & Shipping of Indium Phosphide InP Powder :

We have many different kinds of packing, which depend on the indium phosphide InP powder quantity.

Indium phosphide InP powder packing: vacuum packing, 100g, 500g, or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as you request.

Indium phosphide InP powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, or by express as soon as possible once payment is received.

Indium Phosphide InP Powder supplier

Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years of experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including boride powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, 3D printing powder, etc.

If you are looking for high-quality Indium Phosphide InP Powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])


Indium Phosphide Properties

Other Names indium monophosphide, phosphinidyneindium,
phosphanylidyneindium, phosphanylidyneindium,
Indium(III) phosphide, InP powder
CAS No. 23398-80-7
Compound Formula InP
Molecular Weight 145.79
Appearance Gray Black Powder
Melting Point 1062
Boiling Point N/A
Density 4.487-4.81 g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 145.87764

Indium Phosphide Health & Safety Information

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
Transport Information N/A
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